Flush Style Ceiling Fans – Eight Installation Steps For Replacing Ceiling Light Fixtures
The flush-style ceiling fan is mounted snugly next to a flat horizontal fairly low ceiling where it is out of the way, and from where it delivers a comforting room breeze. It comes in several diameters, from about 28 to 60-inches, depending on the room size being fitted, and can cost typically from $30 to $300.
It generally has three fan motor speeds, which are reversible. Except for the tools and possible other parts required for installing them, their self-assemble kits come with everything else. In many situations, the fan, which will have its own lighting, will replace a ceiling light fixture.
The electricity must be off at the site where the fan is to be installed. If the fan is replacing a light fixture, shut down its fuse or circuit breaker in addition to flipping its wall switch to the off position. Stand on a strong wide-berth step stool or ladder during the installation; do not lean or get into a twisted position while there. Also, use protective eye glasses or goggles. Furthermore, if additional auxiliary household wiring is needed, get specialized advice or help first.
- instructions (electrical)
- eye glasses or goggles
- Phillips screwdrivers
- electrical tape
- knife or sissors
- AC tester light
- wire cutter/stripper
- tape measure (optional)
- electric drill and additional screws for securing the junction box, if necessary
Installation steps (after reading the fan installation instructions thoroughly).
1. Remove the light fixture from the ceiling. With the electricity off, slowly remove the shade, bulbs, and fixture screws from the electrical junction box in the ceiling. Let the skeleton fixture hang there. With the light tester, make sure the wire connections to this fixture are cold (the test light will stay off). Cut the wires, leaving 3-5″ of tail for connecting them to the ceiling fan motor assembly. If the home is old, only two wires might exist, a black one and a white one.
Tip: also check the firmness of the electrical box in the ceiling. If it is not solidly attached to the ceiling, add two additional screws to its top side, which might require drilling two holes in the box for them. The ceiling fan is heavier than the light fixture. It also wobbles slightly during operation.
2. Install the mounting bracket. After stripping the ends (½ to ¾”) of the tailing wires in the junction box cleanly, install the mounting bracket to the box with the two 5/32″ screw-bolts provided. Let the tailing wires hang outside of the bracket.
3. Hang the motor assembly from the bracket. Insert the topside motor-hanger into the centralized holder of the bracket. Insert the plastic lock clip that holds it into place.
observe: the hanging motor assembly is supposed to swivel slightly.
4. Connect the wiring. Generally, the motor assembly has two so-called hot wires, a black one for the motor and a blue or off-color one for the lights to be attached below it. Overlap the stripped ends of these two wires (motor and lights) together with the stripped end of the black ceiling wire in the box, and twist connect them together with the wire nut provided. Connect the white assembly wire to the white ceiling wire the same way.
Then, to keep these connections from loosening while the fan is working, tape the wide lower ends of these nuts to their wires with electrical tape. Also, attach the green fan wire (ground wire from the bracket frame) to the electrical box if the box is also grounded with a third bare or green wire. Otherwise, if the electrical box in not grounded, ask a specialized about this green wire connection. Some will say to leave it be, i.e., do nothing with it. Others could suggest further wiring?
5. Install the flush-mount motor shroud. Install the motor shroud to the far ends of the mounting bracket with the small screws provided. It covers/hides the sides of the motor and the wiring and ceiling box.
6. Assemble the fan blades (4 to 6) and mount them. After choosing the top or bottom reversible blade color scheme preferred, attach the blades to their end brackets with the screws and washers provided. Then mount the blades to the bottom side of fan motor with the bolts, lock washers, and dampening gaskets provided.
observe: these latter pieces sometimes are slightly pre-installed to the motor to keep them separate from the rest of the kit hardware.
Tip: to keep the motor from becoming too off-level during this step, install the blades one at a time opposite to each other to start with.
7. Install the lighting assembly. Attach the fan’s lighting assembly to the small round central housing unit just below the fan blades via the quick-wire-connectors and small screws provided. Install the glass shades, bulbs, and pull-chain extenders in the order instructed.
observe: a housing cap is provided if the lighting assembly is not wanted for any reason.
8. Test the fan and lights. After turning the electricity back on, flip the wall switch to on. Set the pull-chain switches as desired. Often, the fan lighting is set to come on with the wall switch, while the fan itself is controlled by the pull-chain switch only, initially set in the off position.
observe: The ceiling fan has a reversible motor switch that allows the draft either to go upward or downward as preferred. For more information on ceiling fan installation, see the following sites.